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Oils and fats for soap making

Beginner's Guide to Common Soap Making Oils | BrambleBerry

A: A saponfication (SAP) value is the amount of lye needed to completely saponify 1 gram of an oil or butter (see the Beginner's Guide to Soap Making: Cold Process for an explanation of saponification). For example, the SAP value of canola oil is .132, which means it takes .132 grams of lye to turn 1 gram of canola oil into soap.

Make Your Own Soap! Part 1: The Chemistry Behind Soap ...

Soapmaking involves reacting fats/oils with a strong hydroxide base, to form glycerin and soap (salts of fatty acids). Fat/oil molecules (triglycerides) are made up of glycerin chemically attached to 3 fatty acids. The specific fatty acids in the fats/oils you’re reacting will determine the properties of your final bar of soap.

Soapmaking-Lye to Fat Ratio Table | Rainy Day Foods

Each fat requires a different amount of lye to convert the fat to soap. For the soap to be made with no left over lye or fat you must have very accurate measuring equipment. As the same oil from different sources will have a slightly different saponification value, we recommend you keep your soap a bit fat heavy to ensure you don't end up with lye in your finished product.

How to Make Ash Soap (with Pictures) - wikiHow

Apr 17, 2021·You should do this even if you are using a liquid fat, such as olive oil; you need the fat to be warm. Keep in mind that the type of fat you use will have an affect on the ratio. It would be a good idea to check out an online soap-making calculator. You can combine fats. For example, you can use olive oil and shea butter.

The Beginner's Guide to Making CP Soap

Oils or Fats (You need to decide on your oil/fat mixture and run it through a lye calculator prior to starting) Fragrance (either Fragrance Oil or Essential Oil – optional) Pigment or other color additive (optional) Make Your Recipe Select your oils. To get started, decide on the oils that you will use to make your soap and the size of the batch.

Characteristics of Various Soap Making Oils

Rendered pork fat: Produces a softer soap than either palm or tallow; good, lasting lather; cleans well: Any of the above three “hard fats” make better soap when combined with coconut oil and/or palm kernel oil, which have similar characteristics and can be used interchangeably in recipes.

Technical Explanation: Redgum Soaps

When used in soapmaking, unsaturated fats make a mild soap with good cleaning ability, but generally don't lather as profusely as soaps made from saturated fats. Monounsaturated fats eg olive oil have only one double carbon bond along their carbon chain (they have one double carbon bond that is not fully saturated with hydrogen).

Fatty Acids in Soap: Lauric – MakingSoapMag

May 23, 2017·Fats and oils are made up of fatty acids. Each oil possesses its own blend, called the fatty acid profile. Usually, we seek to make a bar with qualities that are well-balanced for everyday bathing; therefore, we mix several oils to take advantage of the dominant properties of each oil.


Examples of fats and oils that are suited for the traditional soap making process are: neem, coconut, tallow, palm oil, palm kernel, ground pea nut, Shea butter, and cocoa butter (Ekpa and Ekpe, 1995) Besides the various physical properties of oils and fats, such as color, specific gravity, melting point, solubility, etc., they may be ...

Saponification Chart - From Nature With Love

These numbers are actual SAP values expressed in the number of mg of KOH required to saponify 1 g of oil/fat. When reading a certificate of analysis of an oil/fat, the SAP Value will be listed in this way. Most soapers prefer to convert these numbers when making soap to be able to calculate their lye easily.

Saponification - Wikipedia

Saponification is a process that involves the conversion of fat, oil, or lipid, into soap and alcohol by the action of heat in the presence of aqueous alkali (e.g. NaOH).Soaps are salts of fatty acids and fatty acids are monomers of lipids that have long carbon chains (at least 10) e.g. sodium palmitate.Saponification reactions are generally exothermic and almost totally irreversible.

Make Your Own Soap! Part 1: The Chemistry Behind Soap ...

Soapmaking involves reacting fats/oils with a strong hydroxide base, to form glycerin and soap (salts of fatty acids). Fat/oil molecules (triglycerides) are made up of glycerin chemically attached to 3 fatty acids. The specific fatty acids in the fats/oils you’re reacting will determine the properties of your final bar of soap.

Lye Soap Calculator & Formulation Guide - Savvy Homemade

Apr 15, 2021·Considering the fatty acid breakdown of each individual soap making ingredient is an important aspect of formulating a soap. Nevertheless, individual oils, butters and waxes can bring further benefits, and so try not to focus solely on fatty acids. Most Commonly Used Oils, Fats & Butters With Properties & Sap Values

Soap Making Oil Chart - Countryside

Jul 28, 2020·Ricinoleic Acid is an unsaturated fatty acid which offers conditioning, moisturizing, and lather-stability properties to a soap recipe. The only oil that’s readily available to most soap makers which you’ll find to be high in ricinoleic acid is castor oil.

Fats for Soapmaking « The EssentiaList

Jan 07, 2011·From Wikipedia on Soap (4): “Saponifiable oils and fats include olive, coconut, palm, cocoa butter, hemp oil, and shea butter to provide different qualities. For example, olive oil provides mildness in soap. Coconut oil provides lots of lather. Coconut and palm oils provide hardness. Sometimes castor oil can also be used as an humectant.

Vegetable or Animal Fats in Soap Making – what is the ...

Jul 04, 2016·Some of the most common plant oils used for soap making are canola, sunflower, olive and palm oils. These oils are rich in Omega 3 acids (also called unsaturated fats) They are considered the good fats that the body requires.

Soap Making Oil Chart - Countryside

Dec 31, 2020·Different oils have different fatty acid content and give different properties to the finished soap. A soap making oil chart must, therefore, cover the basic oils as well as the more exotic oils that are becoming more common in soap making today. While there is little agreement on the best oils for soap making, a few basics are well known to be ...

Oleic Acid In Soapmaking – MakingSoapMag

Nov 04, 2017·Fats and oils are made up of fatty acids, and each a unique blend. Usually, our goal is to create a well-balanced bar for general bathing, and it is the reason we mix oils rather than making soap with just one oil. We take advantage of the properties of several oils in search of that…

Beginner's Guide to Common Soap Making Oils | BrambleBerry

Soap making oils and butters. Apricot Kernel Oil – 1 year Apricot kernel oil is lightweight and high in linoleic and oleic acids. It’s conditioning and easily absorbed into the skin. It produces small bubbles. We recommend using at 15% or less in your recipe. That way the bars aren’t too soft and they last longer in the shower. Argan Oil – 2 years

Fatty Acids and Soap Making - Soap Making Resource

One thing you may notice when reading my soap oil profile pages is that the percentage of fatty acids don't always add up to . For instance, the fatty acid content of coconut oil is Lauric acid: 48%, Linoleic acid: 2%, Linolenic acid: 0%, Oleic acid: 8%, Palmitic acid: 9%, Ricinoleic acid: 0%, Stearic acid: 3%, and Myristic acid: 19%. If you took the time to add all this up, you would only ...

How Saponification Makes Soap - ThoughtCo

Aug 02, 2018·The sap value is calculated for potassium hydroxide, so for soap made using sodium hydroxide, its value must be divided by 1.403, which is the ratio between the KOH and NaOH molecular weights. Some oils, fats, and waxes are deemed to be unsaponifiable. These compounds fail to form soap when mixed with sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide.

2a. Oils and Fats - Soap Calculator - Soap Manufacturing

A typical oil blend used by industrial soap manufacturers is "80:20" : an oil blend composed by 80% of Palm Oil plus 20% of Coconut Oil (or 20% of Palm Kernel Oil); this blend has a good ratio of carbon chains and a good IV (Iodine Value) of 41-43, to produce a soap that can be easily extruded and stamped with industrial soap machines.

Ingredient Spotlight: Oils Used in the Soap Making Process ...

Sep 29, 2016·‘Fats’ and ‘Oils’ are tri esters of fatty acids with glycerol, and are found naturally in plants. Most importantly though; oils are a key ingredient in what we do – making soap! Saponification. Oils are an extremely important component of the soap making process, and without oil (or fatty acids of oils) the saponification reaction can ...

Saponification Chart for Soap Making

Saponification Chart for Soap Making. A saponification chart or saponification table takes out the guesswork of soap making and wondering how much lye or caustic soda, also known as sodium hydroxide, you should be adding to each type of fat that you decide to use. Elaine White, the American Soapmaker, is responsible for the following chart.

Making soap with different oils and fats

Making soap with different oils and fats. by Ermina (Bosnia) My name is Ermina, I am fascinated with your web site. I would love to start making soaps, but in my country it's not possible to get majority of oils you named in your recipes, except refined olive oil which is very expensive. Is there a recipe based on oils/fats that are available ...

Soap recipe and lye calculator

Free online lye calculator for soap making. 123movies. The fast, easy and reliable way to create soap recipes! [ Instructions ] Are you making solid or liquid soap? ... Type the total weight of all the oils and fats you will be using in the recipe. Then check the appropriate box to …

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